Since the invention of the air conditioner in 1902, engineers have developed various ways of handling the HVAC process. The evaporator and condenser sections are the two major components of Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning (HVAC). This is the case as it applies to Direct Expansion (DX) type systems. At the same time, the indoor air absorbs heat inside the evaporator section. The condenser converts the vapor to a liquid by cooling it down. This section is usually located outside on the roof or on the ground. Because the two sections are located in different areas we call this a split system.
A packaged unit is when the heating and cooling components are contained in the same unit. This type of system can be beneficial when space is minimal. Many times, the placement of this type of HVAC is located outdoors but can also be installed completely indoors. Connected to both the supply and return air ducts; these operate similar to a central air system. The delivery of these packaged units can occur as both air-cooled or water-cooled systems.
The Refrigeration Cycle
In the refrigerant cycle, air-cooled or water-cooled liquid travels through an expansion valve where it converts to a vapor. The vapor then absorbs heat inside the evaporator before moving on to the compressor. After the compressor, the vapor then goes to the condenser where the refrigerant is air or water-cooled. The application of a heat exchanger component is installed with shell and tube; plate and frame, or coil.
The cooling effect is achievable by means of a continuous supply of water added to the system. Sometimes building codes do not permit an HVAC system to be installed outside. In this case, packaged units are installed as a solution. United CoolAir produces these all-indoor packaged systems. By the way, the self-contained HVAC units and are available with multiple air path configurations.