Learn the similarites and differences between commercial and residential units
Commercial and Residential HVAC units share many similarities but contain many differences as well. While some HVAC manufacturing companies produce units for both markets, others specialize in one or the other. The biggest differences have to do with size, and whether the unit is packaged or split. Commercial systems are typically modular in nature, which makes them more flexible and expandable. These units are for business applications and can serve very large office buildings to small shops.
Many times the HVAC unit is installed when the building is first being constructed presenting a problem later. Eventually the unit will be in need of replacement. Commercial units because of their size and complexity usually require more highly trained technicians to install and service the equipment. This type of HVAC unit is designed to serve multiple zones and is capable of providing heating as well as cooling to the building. The American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE) sets Minimum Ventilation Rates in Breathing Zone standards as to how much fresh air must be delivered for the number of occupants in a given room. HVAC units are measured in tonnage or CFM (Cubic Feet per Minute), while ASHRAE advises 20 CFM per person in a health club, only 5 CFM per person is recommended for a library.